Ireland, or Eire, is a country located on the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic. It shares the island with Northern Ireland, which is a part of the United Kingdom. The territory of the Republic of Ireland is 27,133 square miles, which is home to 4.7 million people. The Irish coastline is 1,738 miles long. The country has a number of mountainous regions, as well as many lakes and rivers. It is known for its beautiful and pristine nature.
Ireland has strong historical ties with the United Kingdom. It regained its independence in the period 1916-1921 and declared its new constitution in 1937. The country joined the European Union in 1973.
For centuries, agriculture has been in the center of Irish economy. Since the 1980s, it was modernized, and the current important sectors include technology, construction and services. Ireland is a major exporter of pharmaceutical products, medical technology, and software. Many large multinational companies are based in Dublin. The Irish capital is also an important financial hub.
The country is urbanized, with about 64% of people living in cities. Dublin is home to almost 1.2 million citizens. The Dublin metropolitan area has a total population of two million people. Cork, Limerick and Galway are other important cities. There are a number of smaller cities and towns spread out on Irish territory, but most densely in the Eastern part of the country.
The national language in Ireland is Irish, but English is the dominant one, so the country is bilingual. The literacy rate is 99%. English is the common language that the Irish use in everyday life - in education, trade, and at home. However, they study Irish in school, so that the native language is not lost.
Higher education is important for the Irish. They have one of the highest percentage of people with university degrees in the world - 37%. The most prestigious universities in the country are Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, University College Dublin, University College Cork, Dublin City University, and University of Limerick. Since the programs are mostly taught in English, many international students choose to conduct their studies in Ireland. Some of the top programs are in engineering, management, arts, and social sciences.
Many young Irish professionals turn to freelancing due to its flexibility and income opportunities. With their extensive knowledge and skills, they offer top services in IT, business management, advertising, and marketing.
The average monthly salary in Ireland is 3,600 EUR, or about $4,200. It is relatively higher than the average income in the European Union. Marketing and publishing professionals earn about 2,800 EUR per month ($3,330). In business planning and accounting, the average salary is around 3,400 EUR per month ($4,000). IT, executive management and banking positions can pay up to 6,000 EUR ($7,080).
Ireland uses the common currency in the European Union, the Euro. The current exchange rate is 1 USD to 0.85 EUR.
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